The orthodontist in Stoke on Trent is involved in the alignment and straightening of teeth, an important field of dentistry which uses different methods to apply gentle force to the teeth to help move them to a better and preferred position. There are many different issues which can be treated by the orthodontist including aesthetic issues which affect the way the patient may feel about their teeth and their smile. The orthodontist uses different types of braces to help improve the appearance and alignment of crooked teeth, large protruding teeth and overcrowded teeth. The orthodontist can also help correct bite disorders, these are otherwise known as overbite, underbite and crossbite and if left untreated can lead to jaw pain and gum issues. Not only is orthodontics used to improve the aesthetics of the teeth they but also works as a preventive therapy, because when the teeth are aligned correctly, spaced out correctly and fit into place well, then brushing and flossing will also be more effective therefore the teeth and mouth will be cleaner and healthier which leads to better oral health and less dental complications in the future.
Metal braces in orthodontics
Conventional braces which are commonly seen amongst older children and teenagers, are made up of metal brackets and wires and thought to be the most effective form of orthodontic treatment used in straightening and aligning teeth. The brackets are attached securely in place onto each tooth that needs to be moved using a bonding material. Metal wires are then attached to the brackets connecting them to each other and are then tightened accordingly to help pull the teeth towards one another. The tightening is carried out by an elastic band known as a ligature elastic which connects the wire and the brackets and is changed by the orthodontist at each appointment and gradually causes the teeth to move to the target positions by the continuous gentle pressure that is being applied to each tooth. This can be a lengthy process and may even take 2 to 3 years depending on the extent of movement necessary for the teeth to align properly.
Lingual braces are also metal braces but provide an ideal alternative to the conventional metal braces as they are attached to the inside of the teeth so they are invisible to others. They are also very effective and work in a similar way to the conventional braces and are used for those who need significant rearrangement of their teeth but are worried about the visibility of conventional braces. Lingual braces are an effective orthodontic treatment and similar to conventional braces, the treatment process is gradual and can take up to a couple of years for successful results.
Retainers to help maintain a perfect smile
When the treatment plan is complete, and the orthodontist and the patient are satisfied that the teeth have been aligned successfully and effectively, then the braces can be taken off. The orthodontist will provide the patient with plastic retainers, which are individually tailored to fit the newly aligned teeth perfectly and need to be worn for a period of six months or according to the orthodontists advice. These will help to ensure that the teeth do not start to move back to their original positions. Gradual movement of the teeth over a long period of time does ensure longevity of the results, and it is important to keep up good oral hygiene technique, regular dental appointments and professional cleaning with the hygienist and the patient must continue to use their plastic retainers to help maintain the alignment and to ensure their smile looks beautiful for life.