As the former capital of the ancient world, Rome has a lot of history that is still well-preserved. Whether it’s below modern day apartments or preserved as a museum, there is no end to Rome’s history. While it can be difficult to narrow down your historical site-seeing, these 6 places are must-sees for your Rome history tour.
This is one of the most iconic historical sites in Rome. It was built in A.D. 70-72 and one-third of it is still in good condition. The other two-thirds were destroyed over time. It is worth visiting the former site of gladiators and wild animals battling one another for the amusement of the people. A testament to how times have changed.
Located in the center of Rome, this was the former site of ancient Roman life. Ruins of the former senate and government buildings can be seen, as well as former statues and businesses. This was the site of trading, gladiator marches, government speeches, and the center of public life.
Castel San’ Angelo
This castle has changed purposes over time which makes it an interesting site to see. It was first a mausoleum for Emperor Hadrian, then it was converted into a fortress in the 6th century. It was during this time its name changed to Angel after a vision that the Pope had. Today it is the Museo Nazionale di Castel Sant’Angelo which contains military relics, medieval weapons, paintings, and sculptures. The vista from the top of the Castel provides a panoramic view of Rome and the Vatican City.
St. Peter’s Basilica
Located in the Vatican City, St. Peter’s Basilica and square is a definite must-see on your historical tour of Rome. Arguably the most important church in the Catholic faith, this is the seat of the papacy. The church is beautifully decorated with gold leaf adornments, paintings, and statues by Bernini.
Baths of Diocletian
Built in A.D. 298-306, these are the largest thermal baths in the city. They were named after Emperor Diocletian but were finished by Constantine’s father, Constantius. They were used until A.D. 537 when the water supply was cut off in the siege of Rome. The baths have been incorporated into modern structures in true Roman style housing two churches and exhibition spaces inside the baths.
This is an archeological site close to the Roman suburb of Ostia. It is a short 30 km drive to get there, and definitely worth the trip to see this ancient port city that used to be right on the sea. The site is famous for well-preserved ruins, mosaics, and frescos.
There are many historical things to do in Rome. Don’t miss out on the historical adventure of a lifetime and check out these six must-see historical spots.